How Much Does Beryllium Cost?
Beryllium is a metallic chemical element that is grouped with the alkaline earth elements, including magnesium, barium, radium, strontium and calcium. Like other elements within this group, Beryllium is a silvery-gray metal, and its oxides are alkaline. The element is capable of resisting corrosion rather well, and besides this, it has a rather high melting point. These characteristics make the element a popular inclusion in metal alloys.
Beryllium’s hexagonal crystalline structure makes it rather rigid, and the metallic element also possesses excellent thermal and electrical conductivity. Beryllium has a number of uses, although care has to be taken when handling the element because it has been established as a carcinogen. The key markets of Beryllium include aerospace, ceramics, computers, telecommunications and automotive electronics, with its demand continuing to increase substantially over the years.
How much is it?
- The increased demand for Beryllium has led to increasing prices for this element. Based on the content of beryllium in imported beryllium-copper master-alloy, a Beryllium alloy for which there’s a reliable reported price, it is estimated by the USGS that the average annual price for each pound of contained beryllium is around $300 per pound. In its technical pure form, Beryllium is worth around $500 per 100 grams. However, Beryllium isn’t used in that form very often, though.
What is going to be included?
- Beryllium is typically utilized as an alloying agent in the production of beryllium copper, utilized for springs, spot-welding electrodes, electrical contacts and non-sparking tools. When it’s alloyed in small amounts with nickel and copper, the capacity for this metallic element to conduct heat and electricity is increased.
- The element has also found application as-a structural material for spacecraft, high-speed aircraft, communication satellites and missiles, and is extensively utilized in the space shuttle. Since beryllium is somewhat transparent to X rays, ultra thin beryllium foil is being used in X ray lithography for reproducing micro-miniature integrated circuits. In addition, Beryllium is being used in nuclear-reactors as a moderator or reflector. The oxide features a very high-melting point thereby making it valuable in nuclear work and having ceramic applications.
What are the extra costs?
- You should take into consideration the shipping and handling fees for Beryllium.
- When handling Beryllium, it is important to have a blood test, known as BeLPT (beryllium lymphocyte proliferation test), to be carried out to measure the reaction of blood cells to beryllium.
- Training and education is needed to inform workers of the potential hazards, the control measures that are in place, as well as to instruct them on how to safely work with Beryllium.
- Besides, workers handling Beryllium should use protective clothing such as headgear, coveralls and shoes.
Tips to know
- The atomic number of Beryllium is 4, and it is indicated on the periodic table of elements by the symbol Be. It’s the lightest of the alkaline-earth elements, and when it is pure, it appears in a rigid, steely-gray form.
- Beryllium is found in some 30 species of minerals, the most important being beryl, chrysoberyl, bertrandite and phenacite. Emerald and aquamarine are precious beryl forms. Bertrandite and beryl are the most vital commercial sources of this element and its compounds.
- Beryllium is usually prepared by means of reducing beryllium fluoride with magnesium metal. The materials containing Beryllium that are commonly used in industrial applications are the metal itself, beryllium alloys and beryllium oxide. Industrial uses of this chemical element include the manufacture of rocket heat shields, thermal coating, nuclear reactors, x-ray tubes, brakes and dental plates.
- Individuals who are exposed to Beryllium on a regular basis need to be especially careful about lung protection since inhaling the particles and fumes is very hazardous for lung health.
How can I save money?
- There isn’t a broad commodity market which sets the pricing of Beryllium. Beryllium pricing is usually set based on the usual factors of demand and supply. You can get quantity discounts if you buy Beryllium in bulk.