How Much Does a Coggins Test Cost?


Written by:  Howmuchisit.org Staff
Last Updated:  August 15, 2018

A Coggins test, while foreign to the rest of us, is something of common knowledge to horse owners.  Aside from the grooming, the food, and the veterinary care that owners must think about, there are some state regulations that need to be considered as well.  One of these regulations is conducting a Coggins test on your horse at least once a year.

The Coggins test is done in order to determine if your horse is positive for the Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) virus. Also known as swamp fever, EIA is a viral disease caused by blood-sucking flies.  The infected horse usually acquires fever, depression, weight loss, anemia, and dependent edema.  With such hazardous health risks, Coggins test must be done to horses not only to ensure their overall well-being but to eliminate the risk of spreading the virus to other horses.

Horse by kulmalukko, on Flickr
Horse” (CC BY 2.0) by kulmalukko

How much does a horse Coggins test cost?

As the regulations for conducting Coggins test vary from one state to another, the prices for the test will vary as well.  The best way to determine the price for the test is to visit your veterinarian; however, according to our research online, the costs for the Coggins test, on average, can range anywhere from $20 to $60.  Higher prices may be charged in some areas with a higher cost of living.  This won’t include a farm visit if your vet had to personally come to your farm to conduct the test.

For example, forum members at HorseTrailerWorld.com said they had paid anywhere from $45 and $60 for a single Coggins test.

The same price range is supported by the forum members at HorseGroomingSupplies.com.  According to this forum thread, the price of a Coggins test varies according to the vet who performs the test, but the average price, according to thread, is around $25.

Horse Coggins test overview

According to EQGroup.com, the Coggins test checks for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) antibodies in the horse’s blood.  Basically, the vet takes blood samples from the horse and tests these in a state approved laboratory.  In many cases, this is their own lab inside the office; in other cases, the samples will be sent away.  The test is simply done to make sure that your horse is safe for travel or to be around with other horses.  In most cases, it can take up to seven days to see results.

HorseChannel.com says that the frequency of taking the test varies from the regulation of the specific state in the country.  If you travel with your horse for competition or for any reason, you will probably need a new Coggins pulled each year.  If you travel across state lines, you may need a new one every six months.  If your horse never leaves your property, you will likely only need one every two or three years.  Since regulations vary, it is always wise to consult your vet.

Factors that affect the price:

Location

As mentioned, the prices for the test differ from one state to another, just like any other service.  Thus, you should know the average price for the test in your area so as not to be robbed of your money.

Veterinarian

Like any other doctors, veterinarians have their individual rate per hour or per procedure done. It is a known fact that some vets charge higher than others, especially if there’s no competition in the area.

What are the extra costs?

As a horse owner, you have the option to personally bring the horse to the vet or have the vet visit your farm.  The latter is usually referred to as farm call.  This is favorable if you have several horses to do the test. Farm call depends on the vet’s rate as well, but a farm call, on average can cost $20 to $70.

There are times when your vet discovers, that aside from the virus, there are other potentially harmful diseases your horse may develop.  Thus, other vaccines may be needed.

A health certificate will be needed when you are traveling with your horse or for competition.  This may cost around $15 to $20.

If you need the results within 24 hours, it may be done, but a rush order fee may apply.

Tips to know:

Also known as the Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) test, the Coggins test is named as such since it was developed by Dr. Leroy Coggins of Cornell University.  Although the test can also be called as EIA test, it is commonly deemed as Coggins Test.

There are three different sets of symptoms that occur in Equine Infectious Anemia: acute, chronic and the asymptomatic carrier.  Acute involves fever, depression, and loss of appetite among horses; however, it is difficult to diagnose if the horse has an acute EIA since he or she will not be positive on the EIA test for about a month and a half.

Statistics says that about one-third of infected horses will die of the acute form within a month.

Some states in the country now require a negative Coggins test on a horse before he or she can be sold.

It must be noted that there is no vaccine for Equine Infectious Anemia.  The test is only done to check if the horse is negative for the virus; however, no anti-virus shot will be given to your horse.  The test is done to stop the spread of the disease, not to cure the infected horse.

How can I save money?

If you have a family vet, then see if you are eligible for any discounts for loyalty.  If you have multiple horses, you should be able to get a break on the price per horse or perhaps get a farm call for no extra charge.

If you share the barn with other horse owners, you may want to share the vet’s call fee.  This will reduce the expense slightly as the vet will have many horses to test.


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Average Reported Cost: $40

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  1. jim zitoun (ottawa,  Illinois) paid $40 and said:

    40 per head

    Was it worth it? Yes

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